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Mace A short staff with heavy head like a club
Machicolations Openings in a floor allowing missiles to be dropped on the enemy below
Malvoisin A large mound of earth or stone built by attackers near a castle used for firing from
Mangonel A siege engine used for throwing large stones
Manor The land owned by a lord.
Martyr Someone who would rather die than renounce their faith
Mason A craftsman who cuts and builds with stone
Men-at-arms Common medieval soldiers
Merlon The 'teeth' of the battlements between crenels
Minster Large church originally linked to a monastery
Misericorde A dagger with a fine blade used to put injured soldiers out of their misery on the battlefield
Moat A ditch surrounding a building filled with water
Monastery Where monks or nuns live
Monk A man who has taken vows and joined a religious community
Motte A large earth mound either natural or artificial on which a keep is built
Mouldings Ornamental lines of carved projections under or over a plain surface
Mullion Vertical bars in windows that divide the area into smaller sections
Murder-hole Openings in a floor allowing missiles to be dropped on the enemy below
Nave The main body of a church from the west end to the choir. The nave could be divided north and south by screens (More...)
Newel Stair Spiral staircase made of keyhole shaped stones
Niche An ornamental recess in a wall containing a statue
Obelisk Memorial stone column
Occularium The slit in a helmet for the wearer to see through
Of the Field A term used in blazonry when a tincture is used more than once
Ogree Arch A pointed arch with both concave and convex parts
Or A colour used in heraldry representing the metal gold
Oratory A small cell attached to a chapel
Ordinaries The basic geometrical shapes (charges) used in heraldry (More...)
Oriel A kind of bay window
Orle A heraldic shape forming a border near the edge of a shield (More...)
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
Explore the bailey and wooden tower keep of a Norman motte and bailey castle
Motte & Bailey
Explore all four floors of a Norman square keep similar to Dover Castle that was built in the twelfth century.
Explore a siege landscape and learn about the siege engines used to destroy a castle.
Explore a reconstruction of Stokesay Castle, a fortified manor house from the fifteenth century.
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.