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Palisade A wooden wall or fence
Pall A rich cloth covering
Pantry A store-room for bread
Parados Low wall on the inner edge of a tower or above the eaves of a wall
Parapet Low wall on the outer edge of a tower or above the eaves of a wall
Party Per Pale Party per Fess, per bend, etc. Divisions of the field used in heraldry (More...)
Pediment Low-pitched gable above a portico, doors, windows, etc.
Peel Tower Small fortified tower usually rectangular
Pennon A flag with tails hung on the lance to indicate a knight-bachelor.
Perpendicular The last of the styles of Gothic architecture between 1350 and 1550. (More...)
Petraria A stone-throwing machine. A mangonel, ballista or trebuchet
Pier Freestanding pillar of different shapes used to support the weight of walls above
Pilaster A flat column partially built into a wall for ornamental purposes.
Pillar A vertical member usually shaped round, square or polygonal used to support a load
Pinnacle A small tower, usually tapered at the top
Plinth Projecting masonry, often with decorative mouldings, and reserved for the clergy
Pointed the architecture commonly known as Gothic characterised with the pointed arch.
Portcullis A trellis-work gate that is lowered and raised in grooves in a passage
Postern Small entrance of a tower or wall used the main gate is out of use. Can be used as means of escape when castle in under siege
Precinct The close and buildings surrounding and including a Cathedral
Presbytery The east end of the church containing the high alter
Priory A monastic community of monks or nuns run by a prior or prioress and the buildings they occupy
Purpure A purple colour used in heraldry (More...)
Quatrefoil Window tracery shaped like a four petalled flower
Quire As Choir - The area of the church where the choristers and clergy sit
Quoins Cut stones used at the corners of buildings
Rampart A surrounding wall or raised earthwork
Ravelin A triangular enclosure protecting an entrance to a fort
Reeve Villager elected to representative the medieval villagers (More...)
Reign The length of time that a King or Queen rules for.
Relic An object or part of an object that has a connection with the past. Usually a religious object, e.g. bodily part of a saint.
Reredorter Toilets that empty into a stream
Reredos Wall covering or screen behind the alter decorated with the twelve apostles
Respond Half pillar at the end of an arcade built against a wall
Retro-Choir The part of the church beyond the presbytery. East of the high alter. Not the Lady Chapel
Rib Arched section that supports the vault
Ring-work A roughly circular earthwork made from a ditch and bank
Romanesque Architectural style of the Saxon period with round arches (More...)
Rood The cross of Christ
Rood Screen Stone or wooden screen division of the nave from the choir
Rose-Window A circular window that is built of tracery in the form of a rose
Roundel A round disc or panel. As in a stained glass window
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
Explore the bailey and wooden tower keep of a Norman motte and bailey castle
Motte & Bailey
Explore all four floors of a Norman square keep similar to Dover Castle that was built in the twelfth century.
Explore a siege landscape and learn about the siege engines used to destroy a castle.
Explore a reconstruction of Stokesay Castle, a fortified manor house from the fifteenth century.
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.