ichard was the father of two Kings of England; Edward IV and Richard III. Richard was descended from Edward III via his son Edmund of Langley, but also from the daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence, another son of Edward III. (See a family tree to understand this.) In 1415 Richard became an orphan after his father was executed for plotting against the king and the house of Lancaster. He was sent to Raby Castle to be brought up in the household of Ralph Neville, the first Earl of Westmorland. It was here that Richard grew up and met his future wife Cecily Neville, the Rose of Raby, to whom he was betrothed. Richard became the wealthiest land owner of his time having inherited estates from Edmund of Langley and the powerful estates of the Earl's of March from his mother Anne Mortimer. Ludlow Castle was used as his main residence. Richard married Cecily the daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and Joan Beaufort, the daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine Swynford.
Claim to the English throne
In 1399 Henry Bolingbroke overthrew Richard II to become Henry IV, King of England.